A history of the early space exploration

Maxime Faget was the designer of the Mercury capsule; he played a key role in designing the Gemini and Apollo spacecraft, and contributed to the design of the Space Shuttle.

Space exploration benefits

Meanwhile in President Kennedy proposed to land a man on the Moon 'before the decade is out'. Since then, NASA has launched a series of satellites, orbiters and landers to explore Earth, the moon, other planets and the distant reaches of space. On 16 March , the first space docking took place. Sputnik I was launched on 4 October Today, NASA consists of 10 different centers spread around the country. He acquired American citizenship and led the team that developed and launched Explorer 1 , the first American satellite. In India sent a probe to the Moon. In China launched its first satellite, Dong Fang Hong 1. Meanwhile the Chinese launched their first manned spacecraft in Initially the race for space was often led by Sergei Korolev , whose legacy includes both the R7 and Soyuz —which remain in service to this day. Astronomers use imaging satellites to study the Moon and other planets. NASA developed reusable spacecraft—space shuttle orbiters—to ferry astronauts and satellites to orbit. Early rockets were also used to launch fireworks and for other ceremonial purposes. Space Race Timeline. Kraft, Jr.

The first man in space was a Russian, Yuri Gagarin who was launched on 12 April In the Americans launched Mariner 4. The leader of the V-2 team was a German scientist named Wernher von Braun.

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Space-travel technology had advanced light-years in just three decades. Pioneer 6 was the first satellite to orbit the Sunlaunched on December 16, However, a rocket can launch straight up, then steer into an orbit.

space exploration definition

In Lunar Prospector went into orbit around the Moon. In Voyager 2 flew past Saturn.

How has space exploration changed over time

The antennas are for sending or receiving signals. Fuel is ignited in a chamber, which causes an explosion of gases. The first earthling to orbit our planet was just two years old, plucked from the streets of Moscow barely more than a week before her historic launch. After Korolev's death in , Kerimov became the lead scientist of the Soviet space program and was responsible for the launch of the first space stations from to , including the Salyut and Mir series, and their precursors in , the Cosmos and Cosmos NASA and other civilian companies are planning their own Mars missions. Space is also dangerous. In the Cassini-Huygens probe reached Saturn. The next mission to the Moon was Apollo 14 in February In Robert H. The United States wasn't far behind their Cold War rivals.

Not content to simply circle the Earth, Explorer 1 sought to study the planet and its environment.

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Historical Timeline