Sumner argued that secession had destroyed statehood but the Constitution still extended its authority and its protection over individuals, as in existing U. These Reconstruction Amendments established the rights that led to Supreme Court rulings in the midth century that struck down school segregation.
With northern acquiescence, the Solid South, now uniformly Democratic, effectively nullified the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments and imposed a new racial order based on disenfranchisement, segregation, and economic inequality. They wanted to punish the South, and to prevent the ruling class from continuing in power.
Slavery in North America existed since settlement began in the 17th century. In its aftermath, during the era of Reconstruction, Americans struggled to come to terms with these dramatic changes and, temporarily, established biracial democratic government on the ashes of slavery.
In that sense, the Civil War is not yet over. With the overthrow of biracial state governments in the South and the withdrawal of the last federal troops from the region by President Rutherford B. Lincoln : A few more stitches Andy and the good old Union will be mended. Who would establish the terms, Congress or the President?
In its highs and its lows, and its tragedy, its corruption, it's just a remarkable story and every student of American history should know it. It was officially titled the Bureau of Refugees, Feedmen and Abandoned Lands and was created by President Lincoln in with the intention to aid the newly freed population in the south.