A research on the reconstruction era in the united states

Reconstruction era facts

What should the rights of citizens be? During the Civil War, the Radical Republican leaders argued that slavery and the Slave Power had to be permanently destroyed. Nonetheless, Reconstruction witnessed a remarkable political revolution in the South. There was no national banking system, no national railroad gauge, no national tax system, not even reliable maps of the areas where the war would take place. In —after an economic depression plunged much of the South into poverty—the Democratic Party won control of the House of Representatives for the first time since the Civil War. Slavery, in practical terms, died with the end of the Civil War. Thaddeus Stevens vehemently opposed President Johnson's plans for an abrupt end to Reconstruction, insisting that Reconstruction must "revolutionize Southern institutions, habits, and manners Meanwhile, the social and economic transformation of the South proceeded apace. President Johnson vetoed all the Radical initiatives, but Congress overrode him each time. The dislocations had a severe negative impact on the black population, with a large amount of sickness and death.

Sumner argued that secession had destroyed statehood but the Constitution still extended its authority and its protection over individuals, as in existing U. These Reconstruction Amendments established the rights that led to Supreme Court rulings in the midth century that struck down school segregation.

reconstruction era summary

With northern acquiescence, the Solid South, now uniformly Democratic, effectively nullified the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments and imposed a new racial order based on disenfranchisement, segregation, and economic inequality. They wanted to punish the South, and to prevent the ruling class from continuing in power.

Slavery in North America existed since settlement began in the 17th century. In its aftermath, during the era of Reconstruction, Americans struggled to come to terms with these dramatic changes and, temporarily, established biracial democratic government on the ashes of slavery.

In that sense, the Civil War is not yet over. With the overthrow of biracial state governments in the South and the withdrawal of the last federal troops from the region by President Rutherford B. Lincoln : A few more stitches Andy and the good old Union will be mended. Who would establish the terms, Congress or the President?

In its highs and its lows, and its tragedy, its corruption, it's just a remarkable story and every student of American history should know it. It was officially titled the Bureau of Refugees, Feedmen and Abandoned Lands and was created by President Lincoln in with the intention to aid the newly freed population in the south.

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