An argument about electoral college as the best method for electing the president in the 21st centur
How does the electoral college work
In the election, Jackson won the popular vote, but no one received the majority of electoral votes. Now that there is a roadmap to secure elections based on a popular vote for president, states have every reason to take this additional step to reflect the goals of a representative democracy. In , only five of the 16 states chose electors by a popular vote; by , after the rise of Jacksonian democracy , the proportion of states that chose electors by popular vote had sharply risen to 18 out of 24 states. So, break up Illinois — and send still more Republican senators and representatives to Congress. Unlike the general election, voters in the U. And when a presidential election hands the palm to a candidate who comes in second in the popular vote but first in the Electoral College tally, something deep in our democratic viscera balks and asks why. To the Founders, the goal of the first electoral system was to elect presidents who were consensus choices, rising above the fray of squabbling political factions. Relevant portions of the certificate of vote are read for each state, in alphabetical order. And there is no legitimate reason why a rural vote should count more than an urban vote in a 21st-century national election. The presidential election day was established on a Tuesday in the month of November because of the factors involved weather, harvests and worship. It could perhaps be argued that there was a vast difference between Northern states, which allowed slavery but had tiny slave populations, and Southern states with mammoth slave populations. Rakove shared his views about the contested Electoral College system. Because their total electoral votes were less than an Electoral College majority of , however, the compact was not triggered and those states continued to apportion electors as they had done previously. Congress sets the date on which the electors meet, currently the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December. A majority of electoral votes currently of is required to win.
Because Republicans won the two recent presidential elections where the electoral college winner differed from the national popular vote winner, many party supporters have defended the Electoral College as a way to preserve the role of rural usually Republican voters in presidential elections.
Thus, voters cast a single vote for electors pledged to the joint ticket of the party they represent.
They also had no sense of who the electors would be, whether they would be men, as Mason observed, of the second or even the third rank of qualified voters. They could have a regular runoff between the top-two candidates, held in late November, if no candidate received a majority in the initial popular vote.
Bush despite his loss in the national popular vote has inspired more Republican leaders to defend the Electoral College and more Democratic leaders to oppose it.
What is the electoral college
In , Al Gore edged out George W. Despite these issues, many continue to defend the system. After that, there would be no sense in having a Senate which, after all, represents the interests of the states , and eventually, no sense in even having states, except as administrative departments of the central government. Travel was also easier throughout the north during November, before winter had set in. He has thought about doing so before. We have had several near wrong winners, including in when a shift of less than 60, votes in Ohio would have given John Kerry a national victory over George Bush despite his national popular vote deficit of three and a half million votes. The last time a third independent candidate achieved significant success although still finishing in third place was in , and the last time a third-party candidate received any electoral votes not from faithless electors was in Rather, they established the Electoral College without any instructions on how states should use it. Is that fair to the rest of the state? Usually, the size of the candidate's political party and the results of the major nomination conventions determine who is pre-listed on the presidential ballot.
Constitution also has two provisions that apply to all federal offices in general, not just the presidency. In some states, if a voter wants to write in a candidate for president, the voter is also required to write in the names of proposed electors.
In a national popular vote election, the unit of influence would be the individual voter, whether this voter lives in a small, big or medium state.
If gaining support from a majority of electors, the candidate earning the most votes became president, while the candidate with the second-most votes became vice-president. Most states today use the winner-take-all unit rule by which they award all electoral votes to the winner of the statewide popular vote.
The electors sometimes choose a secretary, often not himself an elector, to take the minutes of the meeting. Take New York and Virginia, the largest slave states in the North and South, respectively, according to the census, just after the Constitutional Convention.
A final unforeseen benefit of the Electoral College is that it reduces the likelihood that third-party candidates will garner enough votes to make it onto the electoral scoreboard. The terms of the compact do not allow individual states to withdraw from a compact during this time.
And there were still 18 lifetime "apprentices" in New Jersey when the Civil War broke out.
based on 16 review