Is human cloning acceptable in todays

what is cloning

Conclusion Cloning-to-produce-children may represent a forerunner of what will be a growing number of capacities to intervene in and alter the human genetic endowment.

This situation is problematic enough where a clearly identified family is involved.

ethics of human cloning pdf

Rights are socially negotiated, and no "right" to clone oneself has ever been established. Children conceived by artificial insemination using donor sperm and by various IVF techniques may have unusual relationships with their genetic parents, or no genetic relationships at all.

Is human cloning acceptable in todays

To summarize: The utility justification is a substantially inadequate basis for defending a practice like cloning. In addition, some dyes and the ultraviolet light used to remove the egg's nucleus can damage the primate cell and prevent it from growing. But we know one reason — maybe the most powerful of all. This new eugenics is simply the latest version of the age-old quest to make human beings--in fact, humanity as a whole--the way we want them to be: perfect. Though many people make light of the importance of biological kinship compared to the bonds formed through rearing and experienced family life , many adopted children and children conceived by artificial insemination or IVF using donor sperm show by their actions that they do not agree. Parents can produce a clone of a sick child to provide bone marrow or other lifesaving bodily elements that can be provided with relatively modest risk to the clone. Further, this argument appropriates the phrase "genetically related" to embrace a condition that has never before occurred in human history, one which abolishes the genetic variations that have always existed between parent and child. In addition, animal studies have shown that many pregnancies involving cloned fetuses result in serious complications, including toxemia and excessive fluid accumulation in the uterus, both of which pose risks to the pregnant animal's health. Nevertheless, the cloned child's place in the scheme of family relations might well be uncertain and confused. Human society can accept or reject any proposed technology on its own merits. To begin with, is it acceptable to refer to human beings produced by cloning technology as "clones"? Not to mention, many countries simply would not allow this process. Problems of Identity and Individuality Cloning-to-produce-children could create serious problems of identity and individuality. Food and Drug Administration FDA decided in January that meat and milk from cloned animals, such as cattle, pigs and goats, are as safe as those from non-cloned animals.

In fact, a careful look at any of these types of justification shows that they provide compelling reasons instead to reject human cloning. Even cloning a child who dies to remove the parents grief forces the clone to have a certain genetic makeup in order to be the parents' child, thereby permanently subjecting the clone to the parents' will.

Given the enormous importance of what is at stake, we believe that the so-called "precautionary principle" should be our guide in this arena.

human cloning ethics

Our analysis will then move onto questions dealing with the effects of cloning on individuals, family life, and society more generally.

It is rather born of the rational recognition that once we move beyond therapy into efforts at enhancement, we are in uncharted waters without a map, without a compass, and without a clear destination that can tell us whether we are making improvements or the reverse.

In such cases, it may become harder to see the child solely as a gift bestowed upon the parents' mutual self-giving and not to some degree as a product of their parental wills.

Human cloning facts

This tragedy would be compounded by the fact that it is unlikely human cloning research would be limited to a single location. The company will not accept human cells, however. New York: St. Cloned children would unavoidably be raised "in the shadow" of their nuclear donor, in a way that would strongly tend to constrain individual psychological and social development. In , his newly-formed Council on Bioethics raised serious questions about even this form of embryonic stem cell research, through the Council was divided on this matter. In addition to the usual uncertainties in jumping the gap from animal to human research, cloning is likely to present particularly difficult problems of interspecies difference. Troubled Family Relations Cloning-to-produce-children could also prove damaging to family relations, despite the best of intentions. Even a high success rate in animals would not suffice by itself to make human trials morally acceptable. While no scientifically verifiable birth of a human clone has yet been reported, the technology and scientific understanding are already in place to make such an event plausible at any time now. This can be done naturally i.

Thus, research on cloning-to-produce-children could impose disproportionate burdens on women, particularly low-income women. The Destiny Justification As noted near the outset of the chapter, there is a third type of proposed justification for human cloning which moves us more explicitly into the realm of theological reflection: the destiny justification.

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PCBE: Human Cloning and Human Dignity: An Ethical Inquiry