The classification and forms of the abusive and criminal behavior against animals

Below, I argue that current conceptualizations of antisocial and aggressive human behavior logically incorporate animal abuse.

The classification and forms of the abusive and criminal behavior against animals

Merz-Perez L. What is also known from the extensive antisocial behaviour literature is that antisocial behaviours co-occur such that the presence of one form of antisocial behaviour is highly predictive of the presence of other antisocial behaviours.

Their sample comprised of participants of whom were male.

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Ascione F. The relationship between animal abuse and aggression extends beyond the earlier developmental periods into adulthood.

Crimes against animals

School-based social predictors of serious adolescent psychopathology and dysfunction: Implications for prevention. Indeed, displaced aggression has been described to be a robust phenomenon in the human aggression literature [ 14 , 15 ]. Two wide-ranging examples that we will discuss below, but that are useful to illustrate the concept here, include near-fatal shooting of another person on one hand and shoplifting on the other. Such an argument is consistent with moral disengagement theory and its relevance is supported by findings reported by Felthous and Kellert [ 19 ]. Risk factors for child physical abuse. While it can certainly be argued that this hybrid structure adds unnecessary complexity, we think that its benefits in providing flexibility and range outweigh such added complexity. However, despite the strong conceptual overlap, with few exceptions, animal abuse and bullying behaviours have traditionally been researched separately. Drug offences consistently constituted the smallest proportion and ranged between 2. Antisocial Behaviour and Aggression Loeber [ 5 ] has defined antisocial behaviour as that which causes mental or physical harm, property loss, or damage to others.

Risky families: Family social environments and the mental and physical health of offspring. Abstract Simple Summary There is increasing acceptance of the links between animal abuse and aggressive or antisocial behaviours toward humans.

When examining age and sex trends for alleged animal abuse offenders and animal abuse offences only, the same peak in frequency between the ages of 18 and 25 years was found. Consistent with human aggression definitions, this definition of animal abuse and most others e.

Deviance generalization hypothesis

As per the literature on human aggression, animal abuse at the more extreme end of the aggression dimension e. Of particular significance, in their meta-analysis of child conduct problem behaviours, Frick et al. These reports can be long and tedious. Identified problems predicted by such experiences include an increased likelihood of developing beliefs that support aggression [ 56 ] and a tendency to behave violently [ 7 ]. In: Ascione F. Significant positive relationships were found between bullying and animal abuse. In the case of older children and adolescents, we should be concerned both for the welfare of the youth themselves given the dangers they likely face in their home environments and we should be concerned for their peers since they too may be at risk in the form of bullying or related aggressive behaviours. Accordingly, much of what follows and which is spelled out in more detail in Appendix D is directly derived from and comports with Version 1. Of note, offences against the person also constituted a relatively small proportion of the total number of crimes at an average of 7. The findings revealed a trend for the CTA group to be characterised by poorer family functioning. Thus, there appears to be a greater likelihood that people alleged to have abused animals will engage in offences against the person, including violent crimes, when compared to all alleged offenders. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. As noted earlier, the abuse of animals has been proposed to constitute, in part the displacement of aggression from humans to animals that occurs through the child's identification with their abuser.
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Investigating Animal Cruelty & Crime