As such, tourism has a direct effect on the socio-economic impact on World Heritage properties. For instance, the Program is implementing appropriate tourism management workshops for its annual conventions and adopting a new set of standards and principles relating to sustainable tourism at World Heritage sites.
In a final attempt to preserve the economy and the once-vivacious settlement, the town made a bid to Unesco for protection. As well as providing jobs, the additional investment and spending brought by tourism can support a wide variety of services including water and energy distribution, roads and transport services, health services, shops, garages, leisure and entertainment facilities, and outdoor amenities.Local residents and activists are demanding authorities to alter the management of tourism, as it has significantly altered their normal daily lives and actually increased the cost of living for them. In fact, they often spark power struggles and rivalries, or even open conflict, demonstrating that the principle of heritage can be appropriated for financial, political or geopolitical ends. As well as providing jobs, the additional investment and spending brought by tourism can support a wide variety of services including water and energy distribution, roads and transport services, health services, shops, garages, leisure and entertainment facilities, and outdoor amenities. Heritage listing can also have adverse consequences, as has often been the case in Africa. In particular, it has been included as a target in Goals 8, 12 and 14 on inclusive and sustainable economic growth, sustainable consumption and production SCP and the sustainable use of oceans and marine resources, respectively. However, upon a further breakdown of this effect on the locals of any given city, the influx of tourists increase costs and overcrowding, making living conditions more difficult and less affordable for local residents. Tourism can provide direct jobs to the community, such as tour guides or in the hospitality industry hotels, bars and restaurants. University of Groningen. It has commissioned studies and participated in conferences and workshops to explore the interaction between economics and natural and cultural heritage. The inclusion of the Sacred Grove of Osun-Osogbo on the World Heritage list is the result of nearly 15 years of efforts on the part of Osun state to give itself cultural and historical legitimacy. Research has shown that World Heritage status can have a major socio-economic impact. In , UNESCO also created a register called The Memory of the World , listing significant and sometimes endangered or fragile artefacts of human documentary heritage, such as the Bayeux tapestry. In part, its purpose is to redress the obvious asymmetry in the first list, which contains an overwhelming majority of European sites, while Africa is drastically underrepresented.
Select Bibliography In an effort to gain insight into the socio-economic impacts of World Heritage listing, an inventory of relevant publications has been compiled. According to IUCN, one of the most likely threats to affect natural World Heritage sites is energy production including oil and gas and mining.
Indirect employment is generated through other industries such as agriculture, food production, creative industries art, music performance and retail souvenirs. Tangible, intangible and documentary heritage The list of world heritage sites now comprises more than 1, sites.
It is sought after by countries wishing to promote their historical and natural assets, and gives them a place on the world stage. InUNESCO also created a register called The Memory of the Worldlisting significant and sometimes endangered or fragile artefacts of human documentary heritage, such as the Bayeux tapestry.