What impact did the peloponnesian war have on the greek

how did the peloponnesian war lead to the downfall of ancient greece

Impact of the Peloponnesian War The Peloponnesian War marked the end of the Golden Age of Greece, a change in styles of warfare, and the fall of Athens, once the strongest city-state in Greece.

Thucydides survived an attack of the plague and left a vivid account of its impact on Athenian morale. It was a very stratified and conservative society.

Even after gaining reinforcements inthe Athenian army was defeated again.

what were the lasting effects of the peloponnesian war

They had real difficulties understanding each other and this lead to mutual suspicions. Sparta was leader of an alliance of independent states that included most of the major land powers of the Peloponnese and central Greeceas well as the sea power Corinth.

The profound cultural and political differences between the two great Greek powers contributed to the war.

Peloponnesian war facts

In the next few years the Athenians took the offensive. As soon as the Persians left, the Greeks immediately began to quarrel with each other. Meant to last 50 years, it barely survived eight, undermined by conflict and rebellion brought on by various allies. Sparta society depended on a servile population. In contrast, Athens encouraged democracy and believed that it was the best form of government. Athens lost its dominance in the region to Sparta until both were conquered less than a century later and made part of the kingdom of Macedon. The Greeks had combined under the leadership of Sparta and Athens to defeat the Persians, then the most powerful empire in Asia. The Spartan Kings were cautious and decided to avoid conflict with Athens at that time. The League was very concerned about the Athenian fleet because it allowed Athens to dominate seas around Greece. The state took boys from their family and trained them from youth to be soldiers. Aided by a force of Spartans, Syracuse was able to break an Athenian blockade. They attacked the Sicilian city Syracuse and campaigned in western Greece and the Peloponnese itself. The origins of such a conflict are complex. Sparta sided with Syracuse and defeated the Athenians in a major sea battle. The end came in when the Athenian navy was destroyed at Aegospotami by the Spartan fleet under Lysander , who had received much aid from the Persians.

The end came in when the Athenian navy was destroyed at Aegospotami by the Spartan fleet under Lysanderwho had received much aid from the Persians.

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Peloponnesian War